In recent years, spoken word poetry has seen a significant boom in popularity, going from a once underground form of entertainment to a mainstream art form. This post will discuss not only the history of spoken word, but also the science behind it, as well as some tips you can employ to create beautiful spoken word poetry, even if it's your first time trying your hand at it!
(image from https://theeyeopener.com/2019/01/how-the-internet-elevated-spoken-word-poetry-but-also-made-it-worse/)
Table of Contents
About spoken word poetry
Spoken word poetry is a type of poetry meant to be performed or read out loud, and has a strong focus on rhythm, storytelling, and emotion. With a large prominence in African American and minority communities, spoken word is often used to comment on social and political issues. Themes of race, class, and gender inequality are often found in this poetry style. In terms of technique, spoken word poetry tends to feature sophisticated rhyme, rhythm and meter, heavy use of repetition, and uses of a combination of slang, colloquial, and complicated vocabulary.
What is phonoaesthetics?
According to wikipedia, "Phonaesthetics is the study of beauty and pleasantness associated with the sounds of certain words or parts of words. The term was first used in this sense, perhaps by J. R. R. Tolkien, during the mid-twentieth century and derives from the Greekφωνή (phōnḗ, "voice" or "sound") plus αἰσθητική (aisthētikḗ, "aesthetics")."
Phonoaesthetics can be viewed as the interaction between science, psychology, and poetry, and aims to explain what sounds are pleasing and displeasing to people, as well as how people ascribe meanings to certain sounds.
There are two broad types of sounds - cacophony and euphony. Cacophony is used to describe sounds that sound harsh, jumbled, or discordant. It is often used to convey anger, confusion, or chaos. Euphony on the other hand, refers to sounds that are pleasant, melodic, and rhythmic. They may be used to portray happiness and peacefulness.
Tips for creating spoken word poetry
According to researcher David Crystal, there are certain elements that make some sounds sound more beautiful than others. Keeping these in mind as you are writing spoken word poetry may help elevate your piece and give it that extra flare. I chose the following 3 elements as I thought they were the most practical for poets.
Words that have 3 or more syllables are perceived as more beautiful ( ie. symphony > song)
Words where the stress is on the first syllable are perceived as more beautiful than words that have stresses in other places (ie. melody > mechanic)
Words with short vowels are favored over ones with long vowels (ie. lid > lied)
Aside from these more technical rules, I also created a list of some helpful tips for writing and performing spoken word poetry.
Pay extra attention to rhyme, rhythm and meter: Out of all the different types of poetry, spoken word places the most importance on rhyme and rhythm. So when you are writing make sure this is at the forefront of your mind.
Always have a tab open to a rhyming dictionary: Following the previous tip, this will be a great tool for creating the rhythm of spoken word.
Repetition: Using a lot of repetition is a key feature of many spoken word poems, so consider including repetition into your own work.
Before you start writing spoken word, listen to it as much as you can: Just like it is important to read a lot of poetry to become a good poet, it is important to listen to spoken word to develop your craft.
Read your poem out loud even as you are writing it: While you may be tempted to not read your poem out loud until it is finished, it is still a good idea to read it out loud as you are going because it will make errors in rhythm more noticeable.
Pay attention to the way you read your poem: When performing spoken word poetry, it is important to pay attention not to just the emotion in the poem, but to the emotion in your voice as you are reading it.
Don't go overboard with acting: A little contradictory to the last tip but nevertheless important, it is crucial not to overact when performing spoken word or else this may make your poem come across as comedic. Try to maintain a balance between showing emotion and not being overly dramatic.
Instead of writing your poem, try playing around with a voice recorder: If you are feeling stuck trying to write a poem, try switching things up and playing around with some improv into your phone's voice recorder.